Wednesday, June 28, 2023

Professor James H. Williams, Jr. SoundCloud Interview

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Professor James H. Williams, Jr.

Edited and excerpted from oral history interviews conducted by Clarence G. Williams with James H. Williams, Jr., in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 25 April and 6 August 1996.

Professor James H. Williams, Jr.

SB 1967 and SM 1968 (Mechanical Engineering) MIT, PhD 1970 (Mechanical Engineering) Cambridge University; from Apprentice Machinist to Senior Design Engineer, Newport News Shipyard, 1960-1970; joined the MIT faculty in 1970; Professor of Mechanical Engineering, 1981- and continuing ; School of Engineering Professor of Teaching Excellence, 1991- and continuing; Charles F. Hopewell Faculty Fellow, 1993- and continuing ; member, Task Force on Educational Opportunity, 1971-1972; recipient numerous awards, including Everett Moore Baker Award for Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching, 1973; J. P. Den Hartog Distinguished Educator Award, 1981; Edison Man of the Year Award, 1993.

Technology and the Dream: Reflections on the Black Experience at MIT, 1941–1999

By Dr. Clarence G. Williams

The MIT Press     DOI:


ISBN electronic:  9780262286305

Publication date: 2001


Transcripts of more than seventy-five oral history interviews in which the interviewees assess their MIT experience and reflect on the role of blacks at MIT and beyond.


This book grew out of the endeavors of MIT Black History, whose mission is to document the black presence at MIT. The main body of the text consists of transcripts of more than seventy-five oral history interviews, in which the interviewees assess their MIT experience and reflect on the role of blacks at MIT and beyond. Although most of the interviewees are present or former students, black faculty, administrators, and staff are also represented, as are nonblack faculty and administrators who have had an impact on blacks at MIT. The interviewees were selected with an eye to presenting the broadest range of issues and personalities, as well as a representative cross section by time period and category.


Each interviewee was asked to discuss family background; education; role models and mentors; experiences of racism and race-related issues; choice of field and career; goals; adjustment to the MIT environment; best and worst MIT experiences; experience with MIT support services; relationships with MIT students, faculty, and staff; advice to present or potential MIT students; and advice to the MIT administration. A recurrent theme is that MIT's rigorous teaching instills the confidence to deal with just about any hurdle in professional life, and that an MIT degree opens many doors and supplies instant credibility.


Each interview includes biographical notes and pictures. The book also includes a general introduction, a glossary, and appendixes describing the project's methodology.


MIT Black History

Saturday, June 24, 2023

Professor James H. Williams Jr. - Wikipedia

Professor James H. Williams Jr. in Du Pont Court, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge, Massachusetts, USA, November 2000.

James Henry Williams Jr. is a mechanical engineer, consultant, civic commentator, and teacher of engineering. He is currently Professor of Applied Mechanics in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is regarded as one of the world's leading experts in the mechanics, design, fabrication, and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of nonmetallic fiber reinforced composite materials and structures. He is also Professor of Writing and Humanistic Studies at MIT.

Williams began his career in 1960 as an apprentice machinist at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company. Within eight years he graduated from The Apprentice School, earned SB and SM engineering degrees from MIT, and returned to the Shipyard as a senior design engineer. Within another two years, he earned a PhD from the University of Cambridge, where he conducted theoretical elasticity and shell theory. He then chose to join the faculty at MIT, where he has spent the bulk of his career.

Photos courtesy of the MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering
References From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 
Organized and reviewed by the MIT Black History Team for reference review only.


Early Life, Education, and Industrial Career

Williams was born in Newport News, Virginia, where he attended the segregated public schools. He was a rambunctious, "hell-raising" student who never took a textbook home. Still, Williams's brilliance was recognized by some of his teachers who permitted him to read whatever he chose while in school and devised especially difficult tests for him, independent of his classmates. Along with one or more of his teachers, he would also occasionally make up and grade the quizzes of his classmates. He went on to win statewide prizes in mathematics and science. He was also featured as a flutist in his high school band, and as an underclassman earned first chair in the all-state concert band.[1][2]

In 1960, Williams was among the earliest African-Americans admitted to the selective Newport News Shipyard Apprentice School. It attracts an average of about 4500 applications per year for approximately 250 openings, with some of the applicants having earned bachelor's degrees.[3][4] Williams is often regarded as the top academic student in the century-long history of the Apprentice School. In 1961 he won the Charles F. Bailey Bronze Medal (for the highest academic record by a first-year apprentice); in 1962, the Charles F. Bailey Silver Medal (highest academic record by a second-year apprentice); and, in 1963, the Charles F. Bailey Gold Medal (highest academic record by a third-year apprentice). Furthermore, in 1963 the Shipyard chose to award him a four-year full Homer L. Ferguson Scholarship to MIT. Throughout his years as a student at MIT, he consistently returned to the Shipyard during vacations and summers.[1][2][5]

In 1965, the Apprentice School awarded Williams the five-year diploma of Mechanical Designer. In 1967, he graduated from MIT with an SB in mechanical engineering, and after completing his SM in mechanical engineering in the winter of 1968, Williams returned to the Shipyard. During that period, he performed a range of mechanics calculations on the catapults, arrester cables, and power and propulsion systems of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN-68). During this same period, he held the title of Senior Design Engineer and was the only black among the hundreds of engineers at the Shipyard. In the fall of 1968, Williams entered the University of Cambridge (Trinity College) in England, earned the PhD in engineering, and returned to America to the mechanical engineering faculty of MIT in 1970.[6][1][7][2]


Throughout his MIT career, Williams has been repeatedly acclaimed and honored with numerous awards.[8][9][7][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] His teaching awards at MIT include:

  • 1973: Everett Moore Baker Memorial Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching (Top MIT teaching prize awarded solely by students; he was the first Mechanical Engineering professor to receive this award.)
  • 1981: Jacob P. Den Hartog Distinguished Educator Award (Top teaching award in the Mechanical Engineering Department at MIT; he received the inaugural award.)
  • 1991: School of Engineering Professor of Teaching Excellence (He was the inaugural occupant of this MIT chair.)
  • 1993: MacVicar Faculty Fellow (Top MIT teaching prize awarded through MIT's executive administration for undergraduate education, requiring broad faculty and student endorsements; he was the first Mechanical Engineering professor to receive this award.)

Having served as the first Housemaster of MIT's undergraduate dormitory New West Campus Houses and having supervised more than 100 research theses, Williams is a highly regarded mentor of both undergraduate and graduate students.[9][12][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]


In the early 1970s, Williams sought to better understand the emerging carbon fiber reinforced polymeric composite materials, which were being touted as new materials to elevate the mechanical performance of structures. (Today, these materials are used in fighter and commercial aircraft, automobiles, ships, golf clubs, tennis racquets, and myriad other structures.) One of the major manufacturers of these new materials had observed that newly fabricated structures built from them had unacceptably high variabilities, resulting in structures of low reliability. Williams was retained as a consultant to determine why.[1][26] In addition, Williams's efforts were recognized by both industry and the National Science Foundation and he was selected, through a university-industrial program, to spend the summer of 1974 at a major composites manufacturing facility.[27]

Williams soon realized that the unpredictability of the materials' properties was due to undetected flaws or damage within the materials as a consequence of either improper fabrication or handling, as well as the selection of the various constituents. When he examined the technical and research literature on the nondestructive testing (NDT) to find and characterize the flaws in those materials, he found very little. Moreover, the NDT results that he found generally related to metals, and most of them were qualitative. Then, in 1974, Williams founded the Composite Materials and Nondestructive Evaluation Laboratory in MIT's Mechanical Engineering Department. (He preferred the term "nondestructive evaluation" to the more common term of "nondestructive testing" to emphasize his interests in the broad structural behavior of materials even in the absence of macroscopic flaws.)[1][26]

With his advanced facilities in applied mathematics and experienced insights in mechanical design, Williams sought—and his subsequent career is distinguished by—quantitative analyses and characterizations of composite materials' properties and residual life based on a combination of nondestructive measurements and theoretical mechanics. Such quantitative analyses and materials characterizations have elevated the field of nondestructive testing and increased the reliable use of composite materials and structures.

Williams has subsequently compiled an extensive list of research and consulting results—in several instances, groundbreaking "firsts"—in the design, fabrication, strength analysis, residual strength, fatigue life, and NDE of fiber reinforced composite materials and structures. As an industrial and governmental consultant and through his MIT Lab with his research students, he advanced the understanding of modern composite materials and structures, as well as the systems for experimentally testing them.[28][29][30] Among many achievements, he (1) conducted the theoretical stress analyses of isotropic and anisotropic shells subjected to symmetric and asymmetric loads;[31][32][33][34][35] (2) produced the first quantitative correlations for the solid-particle erosion of carbon fiber polymeric composites;[36] (3) conducted the stress analyses of adhesively bonded joints in composites;[37][38] (4) analyzed the enhancement of composite properties by the introduction of thermoplastic microstructures;[39][40][41][42] (5) conducted the elastic and plastic acoustic emission monitoring of materials and structures, including structural bridge steels;[43][44][45][46][47][48][49] (6) established the forefront of the quantitative thermographic analyses of composite materials and structures;[50][51][52][53][54][55] (7) theoretically predicted and experimentally demonstrated the input-output signatures of ultrasonic transducers;[56][57] (8) hypothesized and then produced the first ultrasonic wave–fatigue life correlations of as-fabricated composites;[58][59] (9) hypothesized and then produced the first ultrasonic wave–residual strength correlations of impact-damaged composites;[60] (10) performed theoretical and applied ultrasonics of metals with and without macroscopic cracks, including a focus on structural bridge steels;[57][61][62][63][64][65] (11) performed theoretical and applied ultrasonics of composites;[56][66][67][68][69][70][71][72][73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80] (12) conducted theoretical and experimental dynamic fracture of composite materials and structures;[81][82][83][84][85][86][87] (13) performed theoretical analyses of wave propagation in anisotropic media as related to composite materials and structures;[88][89][90][91][92][93][94][95] (14) developed statistical pattern recognition concepts for NDE;[96][97] (15) devised strategies for the residual life prediction of composite aircraft structures;[98][99][100] and (16) developed acoustic emission and ultrasonic versus load correlations for synthetic braided mooring lines and composite tension legs for offshore deepwater platforms.[101][102][103][104]

For the decade up to 2012, he and his research students have focused on the structural integrity damage assessment and repair of modern composites, with an emphasis on naval structures; and he continues to write sole-author documents on a range of technical topics, including several of the areas mentioned above, mechanical vibration and shock mitigation, and biomimetics.[6]

From the mid-1970s to the early 2000s, Williams also (1) conducted theoretical analyses on the earthquake isolation of buildings and structures by devising the highly unconventional concept of supporting them on sliding foundations;[105][106] (2) developed wave-like analyses of the dynamics and control of large space structures for earth-orbiting structural systems;[107][108][109][110][111][112][113] and (3) performed numerous major governmental and industrial consultations, as briefly described below.

By the early 1980s, he had devised ultrasonic laboratory systems for monitoring the structural integrity of composite structures in high performance aircraft.[56][114] He is known for having produced "the first theoretical models that predicted the acousto–ultrasonic waveforms as actually observed" in experiments and practice, as conducted at NASA Lewis and elsewhere.[57] Today, Williams is broadly recognized as one of the world's leading researchers in the mechanics and nondestructive testing of composite materials and structures: He was chosen by the editorial board of the American Society for Nondestructive Testing to be the first guest technical editor of its Special Focus issue on the NDT of Composites.[26]

Williams has also shown a sense of humor; 1) he led a group of students in building the world's largest yo-yo and tested it from the tallest building in Cambridge, Massachusetts;[27][115][116] (2) he has been called one of Boston's men of elegance and style;[13][117][118][119][120] and (3) he derived a mathematical proof of the counterintuitive number of rotations made by a non-slipping smaller cylinder rolling around a larger stationary cylinder, as presented in the popular "Ask Marilyn" column of the 72-year-old Parade Magazine, which is inserted into about 700 U.S. Sunday newspapers.[121][122]


During his career, Williams has conducted dozens of industrial and governmental consultations including (1) papermaking calender rolls, for which "he is considered, by virtue of his extensive work in the field, to be the nation's leading expert on stresses in rotary paper dryers";[33][123] (2) the first automated system for installing recessed highway lane delineation reflectors;[124] (3) an earthquake analysis of the 500 KV bus system of the British Columbia (Canada) hydroelectric power generating station and the design of an isolation system to protect its electrical lines during seismic activity;[125] (4) the design of composite rocket motor casings;[126] (5) the residual-life prediction of composite aircraft structures;[127] (6) the stress analysis of a high-speed optical pulsing system;[128] (7) the stress analysis of pelvic implants and bone stints for the Orthopædic Unit of the Massachusetts General Hospital;[129] (8) the effect of ultrasonic irradiation on the enhancement of composite fabrication;[130] (9) the ultrasonic NDE delineation of strength and rupture modes in adhesively bonded joints;[11][12] (10) the design of deepwater mooring composite systems for offshore oil platforms;[131][132][133] (11) an NDE regimen for the structural acceptance of composite automotive leaf springs;[134] among others.


MIT fasting protest[edit]

Professor James H. Williams Jr. sitting in protest in front of the Office of the MIT President and Provost, 3 April 1991.

In April 1991, Williams—at that time, the only native-born black American faculty member in the combined School of Engineering and School of Science at MIT—conducted a fasting sit-in each Wednesday throughout April. He was protesting the lack of black faculty and a lack of inspirational education for minority students.[135][136] During his protest, he set up a temporary office in the corridor at the entrance of the offices of the MIT president and provost. He observed that some aspects of the black community have disproportionately suffered attendant with integration because, in the broadest sense, many talented blacks have left the black community (no matter where it exists)—they no longer live in or relate to it; "they have been encouraged to escape from their roots." The residual black community is less educated and financially poorer. He characterized this phenomenon as "neocolonialist."[137][18][25][136][138][139][140][141][142][143][144][145][146][147]

Crash of American Airlines Flight 587[edit]

On November 12, 2001, shortly after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International AirportAmerican Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus Industrie A300-600, crashed in Queens, New York, killing 251 passengers, a crew of 9, and 5 people on the ground.

At the request of several American Airlines pilots, Williams analyzed and then challenged the inspection requirements and the accident investigation conclusions of Airbus Industrie, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)—all of whom to varying degrees blamed the co-pilot of Flight 587 for the crash. The investigation and controversy concerning the crash focused on (1) the co-pilot's actions during takeoff, and (2) the aircraft's vertical stabilizer of the tail section, a complex structure of advanced composites. The vertical stabilizer on Flight 587 snapped off and landed in Jamaica Bay, away from the fuselage crash site.

According to Williams, Airbus adopted an inadequate inspection policy for its composite tail, the FAA approved Airbus's deficient inspection policy, and the NTSB mis-analyzed the cause of the airline disaster.

In so far as the vertical stabilizer was concerned, Airbus's nondestructive inspection policy was that damage that could not be seen with the unaided eye would not compromise its structural integrity. Such an inspection protocol greatly concerned Williams who characterized it as "a lamentably naive policy."[148][149] Williams further stated and was frequently quoted in the print and broadcast media as describing Airbus's inspection policy as "analogous to assessing whether a woman has breast cancer by simply looking at her family portrait."[150][151][152][148][153][154]

Through internet postings,[148] op-ed pieces,[153] industrial journal articles,[149] letters,[155] interviews in magazines and newspapers[150][151][156][157] and TV appearances,[152][158][154] Williams challenged the preliminary remarks and the final report of the NTSB's accident investigation. Although there were several critics of the investigation, including varied pilots and pundits, Williams is widely regarded as the major engineering voice providing pushback against the conclusion that the air disaster was essentially the fault of the co-pilot.

Based largely on the steadfast criticism of Airbus and the NTSB by Williams, in a tour de force of engineering and civic commentary, he clearly influenced both the NTSB[159] and Airbus[160] to reverse their positions on the cause of the American Airlines 587 crash as well as the required inspection procedures, thus likely saving hundreds of lives of current and future commercial airline passengers.[150][151][157][159]


Williams has written hundreds of technical publications in refereed journals, conference proceedings, and major reports to industrial and governmental agencies, dozens of non-technical op-ed and political commentaries, and two books. He is the author of the introductory textbook Wave Propagation and of the unconventional textbook Fundamentals of Applied Dynamics, which is a blend of history, dynamics and vibration.


  1. Jump up to:a b c d e Williams, James H. Jr. (2009). I Will Love You, Forever!—The Quantum Mechanics of Love. Ingram Book Group. ISBN 978-0615268132.
  2. Jump up to:a b c Forest, Angela (2 May 2004). "A Wild Experiment"Daily Press.
  3. ^ Grimes, Cathy (30 November 2013). "New Apprentice School set to open in Downtown Newport News"The Daily Press.
  4. ^ "Shipyard Apprentice School—Ground-breaking Ceremony at Newport News" 6 May 2012.
  5. ^ "Burke Tells Grads to Take Initiative". The Broad AX (1): 1. February 1964.
  6. Jump up to:a b "MIT home page: James H. Williams Jr". MIT.
  7. Jump up to:a b "MIT Professor Williams to help develop writing courses for engineering students"MIT Tech Talk. 17 November 2000.
  8. ^ "Williams Is Appointed to Engineering Chair". MIT Tech Talk. 9 October 1991. p. 3.
  9. Jump up to:a b Di Iorio, Robert C. (10 February 1993). "Six New MacVicar Fellows Honored at Luncheon"MIT Tech Talk.
  10. ^ "Williams wins Edison Award"MIT Tech Talk. 24 February 1993.
  11. Jump up to:a b "J.P. Den Hartog Distinguished Educator Award". MIT Mechanical Engineering Department. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05.
  12. Jump up to:a b c Waugh, A.C. (3 March 1999). "Williams and Crayton are named 1998 YMCA Black Achievers"MIT Tech Talk. p. 3.
  13. Jump up to:a b Montgomery, M.R. (26 May 1993). "Engineering Success MIT's James T. Williams helps students by building on their knowledge of themselves"Boston Globe. p. 75. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013.
  14. ^ "News Notes". Bay State Banner. 4 March 1993. p. 6.
  15. ^ "Birthday Tribute". MIT Tech Talk. 12 August 1981. p. 3.
  16. ^ Reeves, Curtis (15 May 1973). "MIT awards given; 33 prizes presented" (PDF)The Tech.
  17. ^ Karagianis, Elizabeth (Fall 1994). "James H. Williams Jr. – Department of Mechanical Engineering". MIT Spectrum: 4.
  18. Jump up to:a b Lamberti, Andrea (3 May 1991). "Students protest minority policies"The Tech. p. 1.
  19. ^ Peterson, Simone (29 October 1985). "Be mindful of tone in speeches"The Tech.
  20. ^ Huang, T.T. (4 February 1986). "What will The Tech do now?" (PDF)The Tech.
  21. ^ Jungwirth, Craig (22 October 1985). "Williams gives own view"The Tech. p. 1.
  22. ^ Hsu, Susan; et al. (7 May 1991). "Baker Award is not career killer"The Tech. p. 5.
  23. ^ Mayer, Thomas (16 September 1975). "New dorm master hopeful" (PDF)The Tech. p. 1.
  24. ^ "Sisters in Life". MIT Tech Talk. 6 May 1981. p. 3.
  25. Jump up to:a b Vedantham, Anu (7 April 1987). "McBay, Manning skip forum" (PDF)The Tech.
  26. Jump up to:a b c Williams, James H. Jr., ed. (July 2007). "NDT of Composites". Materials Evaluation.
  27. Jump up to:a b "Williams Returns from New University-Industry Program". MIT Tech Talk. 11 September 1974.
  28. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (April 1985). "Promising Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Composite Materials"Materials Evaluation43 (5): 561–565.
  29. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (Fall 1979). "Thermal Tests Detect Fiberglass Flaws". MIT Sea Grant, Quarterly Report.
  30. ^ "Reports on Research: Whispering Fatigue". MIT Industrial Liaison Program7 (7). April 1980.
  31. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (August 1973). "Inextensional Approximations in Cylindrical Shells". AIAA Journal11 (8): 1213–1214. Bibcode:1973AIAAJ..11.1213Wdoi:10.2514/3.6903.
  32. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (October 1973). "Deformation in Multiple Tier Cylindrical Shells". Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division99 (EM5): 1114–1118. doi:10.1061/JMCEA3.0001822.
  33. Jump up to:a b Williams, James H. Jr. (May 1974). "Line Load on Cylindrical Shell with End Plates"Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology96 (2): 131–136. doi:10.1115/1.3454151.
  34. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (September 1974). "Centers of Twist and Shear in Cylindrical Shell Beams of Arbitrary Section"Journal of Applied Mechanics41 (3): 829–931. Bibcode:1974JAM....41..829Wdoi:10.1115/1.3423409.
  35. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (August 1975). "Line Load Displacements in Orthotropic Cylindrical Shells"Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology97 (3): 232–233. doi:10.1115/1.3454300.
  36. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; E.K. Lau (1974). "Solid Particle Erosion of Graphite-Epoxy Composites". WEAR29 (2): 219–230. doi:10.1016/0043-1648(74)90072-6.
  37. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (1975). "Stresses in Adhesive Between Dissimilar Adherends". Journal of Adhesion7 (2): 97–107. doi:10.1080/00218467508075042.
  38. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; Z. Bin Ahmad (Summer 1980). "Interlaminar Stresses in Composites Having Arbitrary Stacking Sequences". NTA Journal54 (3): 76–86.
  39. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee; C.S. Wasserman (July 1977). "Fibre Intersections in a Planar Randomly Oriented Fibre Composite". Fibre Science and Technology10 (3): 161–177. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(77)90018-5.
  40. ^ Kousiounelos, P.N.; Williams Jr., James H. (October 1977). "Heterogeneous Anisotropic Model for Notched Fibre Composites". Fibre Science and Technology10 (4): 299–311. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(77)90006-9.
  41. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; B.J. Bosy (October 1977). "Fibre Orientation Efficiency Factor for Planar Randomly Oriented Discontinuous Fibre Composites". Fibre Science and Technology10 (4): 319–322. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(77)90008-2.
  42. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; P.N. Kousiounelos (March 1978). "Thermoplastic Fibre Coatings Enhance Composite Strength and Toughness". Fibre Science and Technology11 (2): 83–88. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(78)90001-5.
  43. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1977). McGonnagle, W.J. (ed.). "Monitoring of Elastic Stresses by Acoustic Emission". International Advances in Nondestructive Testing5: 265–273.
  44. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (October 1978). "Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Fiber Composite Materials and Structures"Journal of Composite Materials12 (4): 348–370. Bibcode:1978JCoMa..12..348Wdoi:10.1177/002199837801200402S2CID 135600871.
  45. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; D.M. Egan (January 1979). "Acoustic Emission Spectral Analysis of Fiber Composite Failure Mechanisms"Materials Evaluation37 (1): 43–47.
  46. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (February 1979). "Acoustic Emission from Graphite/Epoxy Composite Containing Interlaminar Paper Inclusions". NDT International12: 5–7. doi:10.1016/0308-9126(79)90033-6.
  47. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; G.P. Emerson (October 1979). "Acoustic Emission/Elastic Stress Behavior in a Magnesium Alloy"Materials Evaluation37 (11): 73–80.
  48. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (January 1982). "Acoustic Emission During Unloading of Elastically Stressed Magnesium Alloy"Journal of Testing and Evaluation10 (1): 12–16. doi:10.1520/jte11563jhdl:2060/19780018515S2CID 56039176.
  49. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (July 1983). "Acoustic Emission Characterization Using AE [Parameter] Delay"Materials Evaluation41 (8): 961–966.
  50. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H.S. Mansouri; S.S. Lee (May 1980). "One-Dimensional analysis of Thermal nondestructive Detection of Delamination and Inclusion Flaws". British Journal of Non-Destructive Testing22 (3): 113–118.
  51. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H.S. Mansouri; S.S. Lee (July 1980). "Thermal Nondestructive Testing of Fiberglass Laminates Using Liquid Crystals". British Journal of Non-Destructive Testing22 (4): 184–190.
  52. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H.S. Mansouri; S.S. Lee (March 1982). "Thermal Nondestructive Testing of Fiberglass Laminate Containing Simulated Flaws Orthogonal to Surface Using Liquid Crystals". British Journal of Non-Destructive Testing24 (2): 76–81.
  53. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; R.J. Nagem (February 1983). "A Liquid Crystals Kit for Structural Integrity Assessment of Fiberglass Watercraft"Materials Evaluation41 (2): 202–210.
  54. ^ Cai, L.-W.; A.F. Thomas; James H. Williams Jr. (September 2001). "Thermographic Nondestructive Evaluation of Polymeric Composite Sandwich Panels". Materials Evaluation59 (9): 1061–1071.
  55. ^ Thomas, A.F.; L.-W. Cai; James H. Williams Jr. (November 2002). "Nondestructive Testing of Polymeric Composite Sandwich Panels Via the Thermographic Halo". Materials Evaluation60 (11): 1339–1349.
  56. Jump up to:a b c Williams Jr., James H.; S.S. Lee (April 1985). "Promising Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Techniques for Composite Materials"Materials Evaluation43 (5): 561–565.
  57. Jump up to:a b c Drouillard, Thomas F.; Alex Vary (January–June 1994). "AE Literature—Acousto-Ultrasonic Reflections". Journal of Acoustic Emission12 (1–2): 71.
  58. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; B. Doll (May 1980). "Ultrasonic Attenuation as an Indicator of Fatigue Life of Graphite Fiber Epoxy Composite"Materials Evaluation38 (5): 33–37.
  59. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Yuce; S.S. Lee (April 1982). "Ultrasonic and Mechanical Characterizations of Fatigue States of Graphite Epoxy Composite Laminates"The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America40 (5): 560–565. Bibcode:1983ASAJ...73Q2230Wdoi:10.1121/1.389517hdl:2060/19820009640S2CID 33451143.
  60. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; N.R. Lampert (December 1980). "Ultrasonic NDE of Impact-Damaged Graphite Fiber Composite". Materials Evaluation38 (12): 68–72.
  61. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; D.M. deLonga; S.S. Lee (October 1982). "Correlations of Acoustic Emission with Fracture Mechanics Parameters in Structural Bridge Steels During Fatigue"Materials Evaluation40 (11): 1184–1189.
  62. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; E.B. Kahn; S.S. Lee (December 1983). "Effects of Specimen Resonances on Acoustic-Ultrasonic NDE"Materials Evaluation41 (13): 1502–1510.
  63. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Karagulle; S.S. Lee (January 1986). "Ultrasonic Testing of Plates Containing Edge Cracks"Materials Evaluation44 (1): 100–107.
  64. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Karagulle; S.S. Lee (March 1986). "Stress Waves in an Isotropic Elastic Plate Excited by a Circular Transducer"Materials Evaluation44 (4): 455–462.
  65. ^ Williams Jr., James; S.S. Lee; H. Karagulle (1986). "Input-Output Characterizations on an Ultrasonic Testing System by Digital Signal Analysis". In W.J. McGonnagle (ed.). International Advances in Nondestructive Testing. Vol. 12. Gordon and Breach Science Publishing. pp. 147–192.
  66. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1980). "Stress Wave Attenuation in Thin Structures by Ultrasonic Through-Transmission". Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation1 (4): 277–285. Bibcode:1980mit..reptQ....Ldoi:10.1007/bf00571808hdl:2027/uiug.30112106862946S2CID 111076502.
  67. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Nayeb-Hashemi; S.S. Lee (1980). "Ultrasonic Attenuation and Velocity in AS/3501-6 Graphite Fiber Composite". Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation1 (2): 137–148. doi:10.1007/bf00566121S2CID 135772192.
  68. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Nayeb-Hashemi; S.S. Lee (1980). "Ultrasonic Wave Propagation Loss Factor in Composite in Terms of Constituent Properties". Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation1 (3): 191–199. doi:10.1007/bf00567091S2CID 137604291.
  69. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; B. Doll (December 1982). "A Simple Wave Propagation Analysis of Piezoceramic NDE Transducer Response"Materials Evaluation40 (13): 1374–1381.
  70. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; H. Karagulle; S.S. Lee (May 1982). "Ultrasonic Input-Output for Transmitting and Receiving Longitudinal Transducers Coupled to Same Face of Isotropic Elastic Plate"Materials Evaluation40 (6): 655–662.
  71. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee; H. Yuce (February 1984). "Ultrasonic Attenuation of a Void-Containing Medium for Very Long Wavelengths"Materials Evaluation42 (2): 219–224.
  72. ^ Karagulle, H.; James H. Williams Jr.; S.S. Lee (October 1985). "Application of Homomorphic Signal Processing to Stress Wave Factor Analysis"Materials Evaluation43 (11): 1446–1454.
  73. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1991). "Ultrasonic Wave Characterization of Polymers"Materials Evaluation49 (3): 351–355. Bibcode:1991MatEv..49..351L.
  74. ^ Yim, H.; James H. Williams Jr. (September 1995). "Formulation and Its Energy Balance Verification for Ultrasonic and Nondestructive Characterization of a Single Fiber Composite Interphase". Ultrasonics33 (5): 377–387. doi:10.1016/0041-624x(95)00043-3.
  75. ^ Yim, H.; James H. Williams Jr. (September 1995). "Database Generation and Parametric Study for Ultrasonic Nondestructive Characterization of a Single Fiber Composite Interphase". Ultrasonics33 (5): 389–401. doi:10.1016/0041-624x(95)00044-4.
  76. ^ Cai, L.-W.; James H. Williams Jr. (November 1999). "Large-Scale Multiple-Scattering Problems". Ultrasonics37 (7): 435–462. doi:10.1016/s0041-624x(99)00029-3.
  77. ^ Cai, L.-W.; James H. Williams Jr. (November 1999). "Full-Scale Simulations of Elastic Wave Scattering in Fiber-Reinforced Composites". Ultrasonics37 (7): 463–482. doi:10.1016/s0041-624x(99)00030-x.
  78. ^ Cai, L.-W.; James H. Williams Jr. (November 1999). "NDE via Stop Band Formation in Fiber Reinforced Composites Having Square Fiber Arrangements"Ultrasonics37 (7): 483–492. doi:10.1016/s0041-624x(99)00031-1.
  79. ^ Cai, L.-W.; James H. Williams Jr. (April 2005). "Transient Wave Ultrasonic Detection of Delaminations in Composite Sandwich Panels". Materials Evaluation63 (4): 434–442.
  80. ^ Cai, L.-W.; James H. Williams Jr. (June 2005). "Ultrasonic Detection of Delaminations in Composite Sandwich Panels Having Attenuation". Materials Evaluation63 (6): 657–666.
  81. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1982). "Double Cantilever Shear Beam Model of Dynamic Fracture in Duplex Fiber Composites". International Journal of Fracture19 (3): 3–16. doi:10.1007/bf00012488S2CID 136982441.
  82. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (September 1982). "Double Cantilever Shear Beam model of Dynamic Fracture in Unidirectional Fiber Composites". Fibre Science and Technology17 (2): 99–122. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(82)90039-2.
  83. ^ Kousiounelos, P.N.; James H. Williams Jr. (1982). "Dynamic Fracture of Unidirectional Graphite Fiber Composite Strips". International Journal of Fracture20: 47–63. doi:10.1007/bf00942164S2CID 137142627.
  84. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; P.N. Kousiounelos (1981). "Numerical Stability and Convergence Criteria for Equations for Dynamic Fracture in DCB Composite Specimens". Engineering Fracture Mechanics14 (1): 165–170. doi:10.1016/0013-7944(81)90025-4.
  85. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee; P.N. Kousiounelos (1981). "Dynamic Crack Propagation and Arrest in Orthotropic DCB Fiber Composite Specimens". Engineering Fracture Mechanics14 (2): 427–438. doi:10.1016/0013-7944(81)90011-4.
  86. ^ Kousiounelos, P.N.; James H. Williams Jr. (February 1981). "Approximate Mode I Velocity Correction Factors for 90° Unidirectional Fiber Composites". Fibre Science and Technology14 (2): 91–97. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(81)90034-8.
  87. ^ Kousiounelos, P.N.; James H. Williams Jr. (1982). "Approximate Mode II Velocity Correction Factors for 90° Unidirectional Fiber Composites". Engineering Fracture Mechanics16 (4): 483–496. doi:10.1016/0013-7944(82)90128-x.
  88. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; E.R.C. Marques; S.S. Lee (May 1986). "Stress Waves in Transversely Isotropic Media: The Homogeneous Problem". NASA Cr-3977.
  89. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; E.R.C. Marques; S.S. Lee (July 1986). "Wave Propagation in Anisotropic Infinite Medium Due to an Oscillatory Point Source with Application to a Unidirectional Composite Material". NASA Cr-4001.
  90. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; T.P. Liao (1987). "Acousto-Ultrasonic Input-Output Characterization of Unidirectional Fiber Composite Plate by SH Waves". NASA Cr-4087.
  91. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; T.P. Liao (1988). "Acousto-Ultrasonic Input-Output Characterization of Unidirectional Fiber Composite Plate by P Waves". NASA Cr-4162.
  92. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; T.P. Liao (1988). "Acousto-Ultrasonic Input-Output Characterization of Unidirectional Fiber Composite Plate by SV Waves". NASA Cr-4152.
  93. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; J.D. Renneisen (1989). "Input-Output Characterization of Fiber Composites by P Waves". NASA Contractor Report.
  94. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; J.D. Renneisen (1989). "Input-Output Characterization of Fiber Composites by SH Waves". NASA Contractor Report.
  95. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; J.D. Renneisen (1989). "Input-Output Characterization of Fiber Composites by SV Waves". NASA Contractor Report.
  96. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1977). Warren J. McGonnagle (ed.). "Pattern Recognition Characterizations of Micromechanical and Morphological Materials States via Analytical Quantitative Ultrasonics". International Advances in Nondestructive Testing5: 265–273.
  97. ^ Cimaszewski, S.A.; H. Yim; James H. Williams Jr. (1995). "Multiparameter Statistical Determination of Single Fibre Interphase Properties". Ultrasonics33 (5): 403–410. doi:10.1016/0041-624x(95)00045-5.
  98. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (July 1999). "Prediction of Remaining Useful Life of Aircraft Components Using Nondestructive Inspection Data". Afrl/MLLP. Ohio: Wright Patterson AFB. Final Report.
  99. ^ Nagem, R.J.; J.M. Seng; James H. Williams Jr. (September 2000). "Residual Life Predictions of Composite Aircraft Structures via Nondestructive Testing, Part 1: Prediction Methodology and Nondestructive Testing"Materials Evaluation58 (9): 1065–1074.
  100. ^ Nagem, R.J.; J.M. Seng; James H. Williams Jr. (November 2000). "Residual Life Predictions of Composite Aircraft Structures via Nondestructive Testing, Part 2: Degradation Modeling and Residual Life Prediction". Materials Evaluation58 (11): 1310–1319.
  101. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (July 1982). "Acoustic Emission/Rupture Load Characterizations of Double-Braided Nylon Rope". Marine Technology.
  102. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; J. Hainsworth; S.S. Lee (1984). "Acoustic-Ultrasonic Nondestructive Evaluation of Double-Braided Nylon Ropes Using the Stress Wave Factor". Fibre Science and Technology21 (3): 169–180. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(84)90012-5.
  103. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; J.M. Connolly; K.M. Malek; S.S. Lee (1984). "Ultrasonic Wave Velocity in Double-Braided Nylon Rope". Fibre Science and Technology21 (1): 41–57. doi:10.1016/0015-0568(84)90064-2.
  104. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; A.U. Kuehnle; S.S. Lee (1985). "Identification of Damage Levels in Synthetic Rope by Ultrasonic Spectral Pattern Recognition". Report to US Navy.
  105. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (January 1977). "Designing Earthquake-Resistant Structures". NTA Journal1 (1): 38–44.
  106. ^ Crandall, S.H.; S.S. Lee; James H. Williams Jr. (December 1974). "Accumulated Slip of a Friction-Controlled Mass Excited by Earthquake Motions"Journal of Applied Mechanics41 (4): 1094–1098. Bibcode:1974JAM....41.1094Cdoi:10.1115/1.3423440.
  107. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; R.J. Nagem (August 1987). "Wave Propagation in Large Space Structures". Proceedings of the Fifth AFOSR Forum on Space Structures. Monterey, California.
  108. ^ Nagem, R.J.; James H. Williams Jr. (1989). "Dynamic Failure and Arrest in Large Space Structures". Mechanics of Structures and Machines17 (1): 53–72. doi:10.1080/089054508915629.
  109. ^ Nagem, R.J.; James H. Williams Jr. (1989). "Dynamic Analysis of Large Space Structures Using Transfer Matrices and Joint Coupling Matrices". Mechanics of Structures and Machines17 (3): 349–371. doi:10.1080/089054508915646.
  110. ^ Nagem, R.J.; James H. Williams Jr. (1990). "Control of One-Dimensional Distributed Structure Based on Wave Propagation Analysis". Mechanics of Structures and Machines18 (1): 33–57. doi:10.1080/08905459008915658.
  111. ^ Kuehnle, A.E.; James H. Williams Jr. (1990). "Control of Longitudinal Waves in Rod with Voigt Damping, Mechanics of Structures and Machines". Mechanics of Structures and Machines18 (3): 335–351.
  112. ^ Nagem, R.J.; James H. Williams Jr. (1994). "Scattering of Nondispersive Waves at Nonlinear Joints in One-Dimensional Structures". Mechanics of Structures and Machines22 (3): 305–326. doi:10.1080/08905459408905215.
  113. ^ Nagem, R.J.; James H. Williams Jr. (1994). "Reflection and Transmission of Random Disturbances at Joints in One-Dimensional Structures". Mechanics of Structures and Machines22 (3): 327–342. doi:10.1080/08905459408905216.
  114. ^ Jones, Yolanda (2 September 1980). "Newport News Native Studies Stress Sounds". Daily Press. p. 10.
  115. ^ "Silly Season at M.I.T.". Science Digest: 72–76. July 1974.
  116. ^ "Prof. Williams Spins His Wheels and Comes Up with a Colossal, Working Yo-yo"People5 (3): 39. 26 January 1976.
  117. ^ Abrahms, Sally; Sheila Eby (Fall–Winter 1982). "The Men of Boston". Playboy Fashion3 (2): 85.
  118. ^ Shurkin, Joel (June 1983). "Science and Casual". L'Uomo Vogue: 72–137.
  119. ^ Hatfield, Julie (29 April 1982). "Fashionable 'Men of Boston' hop to Playboy's photo call". Boston Globe. p. 45.
  120. ^ "Natty Prof. Williams may be one of Playboy's 'Men of Boston". MIT Tech Talk. Vol. 26, no. 35. p. 3.
  121. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (10 May 1992). "Ask Marilyn [letter quotation]". Parade: 6.
  122. ^ Sternberg, J. (14 November 2013). "Parade Slowly Marches Into the Digital Era"Digiday.
  123. ^ "Johnson, Schroeder, Williams are Appointed as First Edgerton Assistant Professors". MIT Tech Talk. 9 January 1974.
  124. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (June 1978). "Development and Evaluation of Mechanized Equipment for Installation of the Recessed Reflective Marker Delineation System". U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Research and Development (Technical Report).
  125. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (December 1975). "Seismic Analysis of Bus and Support Systems". British Columbia Hydro-Mica Dam Project.
  126. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (April 1990). "Design, Materials and Mechanical Characterization of Overbraided Composite Rocket Motors". Naval Ordnance Station (Indian Head, Maryland).
  127. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (July 1999). "Prediction of Remaining Useful Life of Aircraft Components Using Nondestructive Inspection Data". AFRL/MLLP Final Report (Wright Patterson AFB). OH 45433-7817.
  128. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (July 1972). "Stress and Dynamic Calculations for Rotary Disk Shutters". Report to AVCO-Everett.
  129. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (March 1975). "Stresses of Implants". Report to Hip and Implant Surgery Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital.
  130. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee; E.R. Lang (September 1984). "Effects of Ultrasonic Irradiation on the Enhancement of Composite Processing". Report to GM Manufacturing and Development.
  131. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (December 1984). "Material and Nondestructive Evaluation Characterizations of Fiber Reinforced Polymeric Composites for Deepwater Mooring Systems". Report to Conoco, Inc.
  132. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (February 1985). "Proceedings of the Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering Conference (Dallas, Texas)".
  133. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; M.M. Salama; R.M. Vennett; S.S. Lee (February 1985). "Materials for Lightweight Mooring System for Deepwater Compliant Structures". Proceedings of the Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering Conference (Dallas, Texas).
  134. ^ Williams, James H. Jr.; S.S. Lee (1981). "Nondestructive Evaluation of Automotive Composite Leaf Spring". WEA (Cambridge, Massachusetts).
  135. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (March 1991). "Dilemmas, Colonialism, and Protest" (PDF)MIT Faculty NewsletterIII (5): 9.
  136. Jump up to:a b Flint, Anthony (3 April 1991). "Black professor to protest at MIT by fasting"Boston Globe. p. 19. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013.
  137. ^ Negri, Gloria (4 April 1991). "MIT professor protests shortage of black faculty"Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016.
  138. ^ "Tenured MIT professor fasting in protest". The Enterprise. 4 April 1991. p. 48.
  139. ^ Di Iorio, Robert C. (10 April 1991). "Williams' Protest Draws Wide Press Attention". MIT Tech Talk. p. 1.
  140. ^ Mulvihill, Maggie (4 April 1991). "Black MIT Professor fasts to protest racism". Portland (Maine) Press Herald. AP.
  141. ^ Blum, Debra E. (10 April 1991). "Black Professor Starts Weekly Fast to Criticize MIT's Minority Efforts". Chronicle of Higher Education. p. A16.
  142. ^ "MIT Prof. Fasts to Protest Minorities' Status There"Jet: 23. 29 April 1991.
  143. ^ Clark, Josh (11 April 1991). "News Notes: No Food for Thought". Harvard Independent. p. 7.
  144. ^ Uche, Nena (25 April 1991). "Professor declares victory in protest of MIT climate". Bay State Banner. p. 2.
  145. ^ Lamberti, Andrea (26 April 1991). "Students gather in show of support for Williams' protest"The Tech. p. 1.
  146. ^ Ball, Charles H. (25 September 1991). "Program Is Adopted To Add Minority Faculty". MIT Tech Talk. p. 1.
  147. ^ Shim, Katherine (27 September 1991). "Minority Faculty Sought"The Tech. p. 1.
  148. Jump up to:a b c "Flight 587".
  149. Jump up to:a b Williams, James H. Jr. (29 July 2002). "Guest Column: Crash Should Prompt a Change in Composite Inspection Philosophy"Air Safety Week. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016.
  150. Jump up to:a b c Rose, David (September 2002). "Pilot Terror". Vanity Fair. No. 505. p. 212.
  151. Jump up to:a b c Rose, David (12 March 2005). "What made an Airbus rudder snap in mid-air?"The Observer.
  152. Jump up to:a b Williams, James H. Jr. (5 August 2002). "Airbus's Fatal Flaws?". ABC News Tonight (TV appearance).
  153. Jump up to:a b Williams, James H. Jr. (6 May 2002). "Closer inspection of a flight risk"Baltimore Sun.
  154. Jump up to:a b Williams, James H. Jr. (6 August 2002). "ABC World News Now (TV appearance)".
  155. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (3 July 2003). "Letter: Inspection of Aircraft Parts"Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016.
  156. ^ Thomson, Elizabeth A. "Airbus Flaws?". MIT News: Here & There.
  157. Jump up to:a b Sales, R.J. (8 May 2002). "Flight risk of Airbus's A300-600 jet needs closer inspection, says prof". MIT Tech Talk.
  158. ^ Williams, James H. Jr. (7 February 2002). "Materials Used May Have Caused Crash—Airbus: Visual Inspection Flaw?". WNBC-TV Evening News (appearance).
  159. Jump up to:a b "NTSB Urges Inspections of Certain Airbus A300 Rudders"NTSB Safety Recommendation A-06-27 and A-06-28. 24 March 2006.
  160. ^ "Sky Talk: Rigorous Airbus Rudder Checks Now Required"Star-Telegram. 19 December 2007.